Country

Dominican Republic

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Dominican Republic.

Country Context

The Dominican Republic, as a small island developing state (SIDS), is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The DR is among the countries that are most exposed to natural disasters in the world, ranking 8th out of 183 countries (Germanwatch Global Climate Risk Index 2014). The DR has been hit by 10 hurricanes in the last 50 years, the most damaging of which (e.g., David in 1979 and George in 1998) caused economic losses in excess of 14 percent of GDP (ECLAC). Natural disasters have been a source of high fiscal burden (e.g., damages and losses caused by tropical storm Noel in 2007 represented a fiscal burden that forced the government to reallocate funds representing 0.22 percent of GDP in the months following the event and issue new disaster-related debt equal to 0.61 percent of GDP). According to insurance industry models, the average expected annual losses to the economy of earthquakes and hurricane winds are more than US$600 million.

The Dominican Republic formulated, through a highly participatory process, its National Policy on Climate Change. It was one of the first Latin American countries to submit its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC and ratified the Paris Agreement.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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