Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Fiji.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Fiji's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Fiji's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Fiji is an Island nation of the Melanesia region of the South Pacific. Fiji consists of 332 islands, around 110 of which are inhabited, the territory also includes a large number of smaller islets. Fiji’s population of around 900,000 people has been experiencing consistent growth despite proportionately high rates of net outmigration. Fiji’s economy is predominantly service-based (71.5% as of 2017) with a notably high dependence on tourism, and receives significant remittance income from workers abroad. As of 2013 the national poverty rate remained high, at 28% of the population.

Fiji submitted its Second National Communication to the UNFCC in 2014, extensively documenting the risks climate change presents to its communities and economy. Key vulnerabilities include its subsistence agriculture sector, its coastal and marine resources, including coral reefs, its freshwater resources, and its land management and uses. Fiji has ratified the Paris Climate Agreement, and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (2016), which emphasizes the nation’s need for external support to meet the high economic costs of mitigation and adaptation. In 2017 The Government of Fiji, World Bank, and GFDRR completed an extensive assessment of Fiji’s vulnerability to climate change. Among a number of key findings this work identified the need for an investment of $9.3 billion by 2027 (almost 100% of GDP) to strengthen Fiji’s resilience to climate change and natural hazards.