Country

Ghana

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Ghana.

Country Context

Ghana is located in West Africa on the Guinea Coast and shares borders with Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north, La Cote d’Ivoire to the west and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. Ghana contains extensive water bodies, including Lake Volta and Bosomtwi, as well as a series of seasonal and perennial rivers. Ghana's population is estimated at 28 million (2016). Agriculture and livestock constitute the mainstay of Ghana’s economy, accounting for 32% of gross domestic product in 2009 and employing 55% of the economically active population. Agriculture is predominantly rainfed, hence making it a great concern with respect to potential climatic change.

The adverse impacts of climate change on the sustainable livelihoods of the rural communities of Ghana, coupled with poverty, severely limit economic development. The Government approved Ghana’s first comprehensive National Climate Change Policy in 2013, which focuses on low-carbon growth, adaptation and social development. Ghana ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016, and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here. The NDC is anchored in the 40-year long-term development, the GSGDA II, the National Climate Change Policy as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further