Country

Chile

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Chile.

Country Context

Chile is a tri-continental 2,006,360 km2 country in western South America that covers much of the western border and Andes, reaches Antarctica, and Easter Islands in Oceania as well as several islands. Chile is neighbored by Peru, Bolivia, Argentina and the Pacific Ocean with coasts that extend over 8,000km. Chile experiences a wide range of climates from tropical to Antarctic climates. The range of height and latitudes the country covers contribute to a diverse range of environments. As of 2016, 35% of the country surface area does not have vegetation, 27.1% of the land is grassland and scrub, 18.9% is native forest, 4.4% is agricultural area, and 4.2% are forestry plantations; only 0.5% of the Chile’s area is urban or industrial (Third National Communication, 2016). Chile has a population of 17.9 million people that has been growing at a rate of 0.8% of which 89.7% lives in urban areas concentrated in the center of the country near the capital city of Santiago, home to 40.1% of urban population.

Chile is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified fisheries and aquaculture, forestry, agriculture and livestock, biodiversity, energy, cities, infrastructure, and water resources are among the most vulnerable sectors. In Chile’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), it identified the following as near-term priority adaptation areas like investing in increased resilience under the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan and sectoral plans for key sectors in a decentralized approach, identifying financing sources to implement sectoral plans, build synergies between adaptation and mitigation, strengthen institutional capacity on adaptation, and prepare metrics to evaluate sectoral plans.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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