Country

Algeria

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Algeria.

Country Context

The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is located in northwestern Africa and is now the largest country in Africa since the independence of Southern Sudan in 2011. The majority of the country is comprised of desert, with extensive mountains to the east (the Ahaggar mountains). Over 34% of the population lives in rural areas, and is heavily concentrated in the fertile natural resource rich coastal area. Unemployment coupled with rising food prices are some of the greatest challenges Algeria faces today. The country’s economy is highly dependent on the energy sector, with fuel exports comprising over 98% of total exports and making up the bulk of its foreign exchange. Reducing economic and spatial disparities and generating employment are high on the government’s list of priorities; this, however, is highly dependent on the stability of hydrocarbon prices, access and quality of basic services, and development of the country’s infrastructure.

The National Climate Committee headed by the Minister of Environment is responsible for coordinating, monitoring and assessing national policies and programs on climate change in Algeria. The National Climate Change Agency will be the body responsible for the implementation of the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Algeria is also developing a national climate change adaptation plan. Meanwhile, the NDC is regarded as the National Climate Plan with the targets and actions to be achieved by 2030. Algeria ratified the Paris Agreement on October 20, 2016.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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