Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Algeria.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Algeria's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Algeria's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria is located in northwestern Africa and is now the largest country in Africa since the independence of Southern Sudan in 2011. The majority of the country is comprised of desert, with extensive mountains to the east (the Ahaggar mountains). Over 34% of the population lives in rural areas, and is heavily concentrated in the fertile natural resource rich coastal area. Unemployment coupled with rising food prices are some of the greatest challenges Algeria faces today. The country’s economy is highly dependent on the energy sector, with fuel exports comprising over 98% of total exports and making up the bulk of its foreign exchange. Reducing economic and spatial disparities and generating employment are high on the government’s list of priorities; this, however, is highly dependent on the stability of hydrocarbon prices, access and quality of basic services, and development of the country’s infrastructure.

The National Climate Committee headed by the Minister of Environment is responsible for coordinating, monitoring and assessing national policies and programs on climate change in Algeria. The National Climate Change Agency will be the body responsible for the implementation of the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Algeria is also developing a national climate change adaptation plan. Meanwhile, the NDC is regarded as the National Climate Plan with the targets and actions to be achieved by 2030. Algeria ratified the Paris Agreement on October 20, 2016.