Country

Mongolia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Mongolia.

Country Context

Mongolia is a landlocked country of East Asia characterized by unique ecosystems and cultures. Mongolia’s vast steppe plains and deserts experience an unusually high number of sunny days every year, leading to the country commonly being termed ‘the land of the blue sky’. Mongolia has a very low population density, with many of its communities traditionally nomadic pastoralists. On some indicators of human development Mongolia performs very well, with notably high rates of adult literacy and primary education. Recent years have seen rapid urbanization, with over half of the country’s population living in the Ulaanbaatar urban conurbation as of 2017. This transition in lifestyles and livelihoods has presented many challenges and an estimated 29.6% of the population lived below the national poverty line in 2016 and almost 19.6% of the population were undernourished between 2014-2016

Historical climate warming is believed to have taken place at some of the fastest rates in the world in Mongolia and other shifts in climate dynamics are already strongly impacting on lives and livelihoods. In response Mongolia has engaged closely with international efforts to mitigate climate change and its impacts. In 2016 the nation ratified the Paris Climate Agreement, and in 2018 released its Third National Communication to the UNFCCC, a very comprehensive assessment of the national climate change context and future. Key national policy documents include the National Action Plan on Climate Change (2011-2021) and the Green Development Policy (2014-2030).

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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