Country

Costa Rica

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Costa Rica.

Country Context

Costa Rica, situated between Nicaragua and Panama in Central America, has a varied topography that includes coastal plains separated by rugged mountains, including over 100 volcanic cones. Even though Costa Rica constitutes only 0.034 percent of the total Earth surface, its habitats represent around 5 percent of the planet’s biodiversity. Costa Rica is known worldwide for its conservation efforts and is a hot spot for eco-tourism, with more than 26 percent of its land under protection. The country’s 4.5 million people enjoy the highest standard of living in Central America and a low poverty rate (15-20 percent) compared to surrounding countries. Due to a combination of geographic variations and economic factors, Costa Rica is highly vulnerable to extreme climate events and natural hazards. Part of this vulnerability is a result of the presence of populations in areas prone to volcanic eruptions and in unstable lands, degraded by wide-spread cattle ranching, or in poorly planned settlements prone to landslides and flooding.

Costa Rica’s National Climate Change Strategy (ENCC) and its Plan of Action, as well as advances in the Framework Law on Climate Change, are initiatives that have been promoted in the country to fulfill the objectives in this area. The ENCC prioritizes action on mitigation, adaptation, technology, education and finance with a goal to integrate climate change policy with the long-term competitiveness of the country and the strategy of sustainable development. The National Development Plan (2015-2018) reaffirmed the ambitious goal to promote a carbon neutral economy by 2021 and laid out strategies to promote renewable energy, reduce GHG emissions, and consider adaptation initiatives. Costa Rica ratified the Paris Agreement on October 13, 2016 and the country's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here.
 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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