Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Lithuania.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Lithuania's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Lithuania's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Lithuania is a Central European country on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. Lithuania lies between 53°54' and 56°27' N latitude, and between 20°56' and 26°51' E longitude. The size of the territory is 65,302 km2, of which more 52.4% corresponds to agricultural land. The estimated resident population of Lithuania was 2.9 million in 2017. In the period 1990-2015 GDP increased by 38% and GHG emissions were reduced by 58%. Lithuania has reached decoupling emissions from economic growth. In the period 1990-2015 GDP increased by 38% and GHG emissions were reduced by 58%. The Lithuanian climate is formed and affected by the global factors and local geographical circumstances, varying from marine to continental. The climate in Lithuania varies from marine to continental. The average annual climatic standard of weather temperature is 6.9ºC. In 2011-2016 compared to 1981-2010 it increased by 0.7°C, which shows climate warming. Lithuania is already facing increased incidence of extreme weather (heat waves, storms, extreme cold and floods), leading to reduced crop yields, loss of biodiversity, impact of economy and human health. Lithuania submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Lithuania’s Seventh National Communication in 2017.