Country

Romania

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Romania.

Country Context

Romania is one of the largest countries in Central and Eastern Europe. The country is over 238,400 km2, sharing borders with Ukraine in the north, Bulgaria in the south, Serbia to the south-west and Hungry to the west.  Romania also has a border along the Black Sea stretching 194 km. The country is characterized by the Carpathian Mountains, Transylvania Alps and Danube River. Romania is approximately 35% mountains, 35% hills and plateaus, and 30% plains. It is also characterized by rich underground resources (oil, coal, gas, salt) and favorable agricultural conditions. Romania will experience a range of impacts related to climate change due to the country’s diverse geography including oceanic influences, mountainous regions, elevation ranges and the Black Sea. Romania has a population of 19.5 million (2017).  Its economic growth rate of 6.9% in 2017 was the second highest in the European Union.

Romania is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, water resources, forestry, infrastructure, energy and health as the most vulnerable sectors. Romania’s Sixth National Communication to the UNFCCC (2013) identifies effective adaptation and mitigation strategies through the development of green industry, eco-tourism and energy-efficient mechanisms. The country is also making efforts to strengthen education, training and public awareness of climate change as well as public and economic resilience to expected impacts. Romania ratified the Paris Agreement on June 2017, and submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution as an EU Member State. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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