Country

Greece

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Greece.

Country Context

Greece has a total area of 131,957 km2 and occupies the southernmost extension of the Balkan Peninsula. The mainland accounts for 80% of the land area, with the remaining 20% divided among nearly 3000 islands. In 2016, the tertiary sector accounted for 77.9% of the total gross value added (72.9% in 2000). Growth for 2016 was at -0.2%. In 2016, the total population of Greece was estimated at 10.8 million, with 35% living in the greater Athens area. As a result of economic crisis, unemployment in Greece has risen to historically high levels and a significant part of high skilled employees has migrated to Europe and other continents. Greece has a Mediterranean climate, with mild and wet winters in the southern lowland and island regions and cold winters with strong snowfalls in the mountainous areas in the central and northern regions and hot, dry summers. Greece has a very long coastline of 16,300 km, of which around 1,000 km are areas highly vulnerable to climate change. As the effects of climate change are increasingly being felt, Greece has endorsed a National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NAS) and started developing Regional Adaptation Action Plans (RAAPs). The NAS and RAAPs built on multi-sectoral climate change impact and vulnerability assessments (Seventh National Communication, 2017). Greece submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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