Country

Trinidad and Tobago

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Trinidad and Tobago.

Country Context

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic state in the southern Caribbean, located between 10°N and 11.5°N latitude, and 60°W and 62°W longitude. The country covers an area of 5,131 km2 with the island of Trinidad being the larger and more populous of the two main islands. Tobago is much smaller, comprising about 6 % of the total area and 4% of the population. As a result of their southerly location, Trinidad and Tobago experiences two relatively distinct seasonal climatic types: tropical maritime from January to May with warm days and cool nights with relatively low rainfall. The rainfalls at nights are mainly due to daytime convection; and modified moist equatorial climate between June and December, characterized by hot humid days and nights, low wind speeds and increased rainfall, due to convection and equatorial weather systems (Trinidad and Tobago Meteorological Services, 2009). These two climate types result in two distinct seasons, a dry season from January to May and a wet or rainy season from June to December. 

Trinidad and Tobago is the most industrialized economy in the English-speaking Caribbean (Nationally Determined Contribution). It is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and its economy is mainly based upon these resources contributing to 40% of GDP and 80% of exports. As a Small Island Developing State (SIDS), the country is vulnerable to temperature increases, changes in precipitation and sea level rise. Other vulnerabilities include increased flooding, increased frequency and intensity of hurricanes, hillside erosion and loss of coastal habitats.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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