Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kazakhstan.


Overall risks from climate-related impacts are evaluated based on the interaction of climate-related hazards (including hazardous events and trends) with the vulnerability of communities (susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to adapt), and exposure of human and natural systems. Changes in both the climate system and socioeconomic processes -including adaptation and mitigation actions- are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014).

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.


Key Vulnerabilities

  • Mudflows in the counter zones are formed after heavy rainfall and bring tangible damage (including human loss) even under the present day climatic conditions. Based on the projected increase in torrential precipitation, the frequency of mudflow events might increase.
  • Flooding has caused widespread displacement. Unusually warm days and heavy rains in February 2008 resulted in the inundation of 48 settlements in southern Kazakhstan, forcing 13,000 people from their homes.
  • Glacial and rainfall mudflows present a significant danger for populated areas situated near glaciers.
  • An increase in mudflows from heavy rain and glacial melting present a danger to residents of rural and urban areas particularly in the foothills located in the 10 km zone of Ili Valley.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.


  • Climate change is expected to result in more rainfall and surface water throughout the year in the north and very dry summers in the south. Vulnerability assessments showed that wheat yield would suffer due to expected climate change. The wheat yield during spring is forecasted to decrease by 27% under possible climate change, although, between the years 2010, and 2030, wheat yield may slightly increase.
  • Kazakhstan depends largely on neighboring countries water resources. Kazakhstan’s water–holding capacity for agricultural products (primarily cotton and rice) led to the extremely water intensive character of agricultural production.
  • The predicted warming climate for the country will have pressing implications for the health of the population.