Kazakhstan experiences a continental climate, with long, hot summers and cold winters. Winter in the north of the country is long and cold – in some years the frosts reached - 52°C (Astana), but there are also thaws up to 5°C. The shortest season in the north is spring, which lasts 1.5 months, while summer lasts 3 months and winter extends from October to April. Snow primarily falls in November, but can continue through April.
- The most rapid warming has taken place in the winter months– with an average increase of 0.44°C and up to 0.65°C in the West, and in certain northern/central parts of the country.
- Average annual temperature has increased by 0.31°C in the past 10 years.
- There was no definite trend in the variability of annual and seasonal rainfall in Kazakhstan.
- In the sand region of Moinkum and Lake Zaisan, there was a pronounced decrease in total annual rainfall.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.