Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kazakhstan.

Climate Data Historical

Kazakhstan experiences a continental climate, with long, hot summers and cold winters. Winter in the north of the country is long and cold – in some years the frosts reached - 52°C (Astana), but there are also thaws up to 5°C. The shortest season in the north is spring, which lasts 1.5 months, while summer lasts 3 months and winter extends from October to April. Snow primarily falls in November, but can continue through April.


  • The most rapid warming has taken place in the winter months– with an average increase of 0.44°C and up to 0.65°C in the West, and in certain northern/central parts of the country.
  • Average annual temperature has increased by 0.31°C in the past 10 years.


  • There was no definite trend in the variability of annual and seasonal rainfall in Kazakhstan.
  • In the sand region of Moinkum and Lake Zaisan, there was a pronounced decrease in total annual rainfall.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.