The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Climate projections can be presented via individual models or through multi-model ensembles. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) supports the analysis of climate impacts using multi-model ensembles, as they represent the range and distribution of the most plausible projected outcomes when representing expected changes.
- Mean temperatures are projected to be warmer, especially during December to February and June to August.
- Mean annual temperature is expected to increase by 2.9°С by 2050.
- "Cold" days are expected to decrease by 35 days per year by 2050.
- During December through May precipitation is projected to be decrease by 2%-5% by 2050.
- Precipitation for the months of June to November is projected to increase by 1%-4%.
- Annual precipitation is expected to decrease by 2060.
This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.