Uzbekistan is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters, which primarily affect the agricultural sector, through seasonal flooding and periods of drought. Threats from landslides, locust invasions, and avalanches have also been observed. Impacts from climate change make Uzbekistan increasingly vulnerable to: droughts, high temperatures, heat waves, heavy precipitation, mudflows, floods, and avalanches. Droughts may become more frequent due to river runoff decrease, specifically from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers. Aridity and drought risks are high, especially during vegetation periods particularly for areas with increased demand and consumption from economic development and population growth. Water scarcity, heat waves and increased frequency of high heat days (Max T>39°C) are the most severe risks from climate change in Uzbekistan. Landslides are also a major natural hazard risk, particularly for southern and eastern areas.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.