Historical Hazards

While Uganda natural climatic is moderate, the country has also been experiencing increased frequency and severity of extreme weather events. Uganda has in past decades experienced more erratic rainfalls leading to frequent busting of rivers, mudslides and landslides that lead to loss of lives and property of communities especially those living in the mountainous areas. At the same time those in low lands experience floods. Prolonged dry seasons are also frequent leading to loss of crops and livestock. From 1900 to 2018, the country has encountered 20 floods, 40 epidemic, 9 drought, and 5 landslides events. The accumulative damages caused by those natural disasters amounts to over 200,000 deaths and at least $80 million economic loss.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.