Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Togo.

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below: 


  • Mean annual temperatures are projected to increase by 1.0 to 3.1°C by the 2060's, and by 1.5°C to 5.3°C by the 2090's. The range of projections by the 2090's varies in temperature increases between 1.5‐2.5°C. Warming is projected to be most rapid in the inland north rather than the coast.
  • All projections indicate substantial increases in the frequency of days and nights that are considered ‘hot’ in current climate.
  • Annually, projections indicate that ‘hot’ days will occur on 17‐56% of days by the 2060's and 23‐88% of days by the 2090's. Days considered ‘hot’ by current climate standards may increase most rapidly in June-September.
  • Nights that are considered ‘hot’ for the annual climate of 1970‐99 are projected to occur on 28‐76% of nights by the 2060's and 38‐89% of nights by the 2090's.
  • Most projections indicate decreases in the frequency of days and nights that are considered ‘cold’ in current climate. ‘Cold’ days and nights occur on less than 3% of days by the 2090's.
  • Although the projected mean temperature increases most rapidly in the interior regions of Togo than near the coast, the projected changes in the daily temperature extremes (‘hot’ and ‘cold’ days and nights) in Togo are largest in the coastal areas and smaller inland.


  • Projections of changes in rainfall are less certain for Togo, with both increases and decreases indicated by different models. However, the predicted changes in average rainfall, either for an increase or decrease, are rather insignificant for much of the country (+/-30 mm). The frequency of intense rainfall events and longer periods of drought may increase.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

Loading Title...

Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.