Country

Togo

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Togo.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Togo's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

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Climate Data Historical

Togo’s climate varies from tropical to savanna. The southern part of the country is humid, with average annual temperature of 27°C. In the north, temperature fluctuations are greater - 17°C - 41°C.  Rainfall in the south of the country comes in the form of two seasons: the first between mid-March to late July and the second between early September to early mid-November. The dry desert winds of the Harmattan blow south from the northeast, which brings with it cool dry weather between November and March; periodic droughts occur in the north of the country.

Temperature

  • Togo is characterized by high temperatures and mean annual temperature has increased by 1.1°C since 1960, at an average rate of 0.24°C per decade. 
  • Rates of increase have been most pronounced from April to June, with the northern region of the country experiencing faster rates of temperature increase then the south.
  • From 1960 to 2003, the number of hot days increased by 15.5% with increases observed to occur most strongly from September to November. 
  • Heat waves have become common across all regions of the country, with significant impacts seen for livelihoods, human and animal health, and natural resources. 

Precipitation

  • Rainfall over Togo was particularly high in the 1960s and decreased to particularly low levels in the late 1970s and early 1980s, which causes an overall decreasing trend in the period 1960 to 2006, of an average 2.3 mm per month (2.4%) per decade. 
  • An increase in heavy rainfall events was not observed during this period.  

 

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