This page presents Togo's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Togo’s climate varies from tropical to savanna. The southern part of the country is humid, with average annual temperature of 27°C. In the north, temperature fluctuations are greater - 17°C - 41°C. Rainfall in the south of the country comes in the form of two seasons: the first between mid-March to late July and the second between early September to early mid-November. The dry desert winds of the Harmattan blow south from the northeast, which brings with it cool dry weather between November and March; periodic droughts occur in the north of the country.