Historical Hazards

Romania is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters, which primarily affect the agricultural sector and human health, through seasonal flooding and periods of drought. Threats from riverine and urban floods, wildfires, water scarcity and extreme heat are also considered as critical hazards for the country. Romania is increasingly vulnerable to: droughts, high temperatures, heat waves, heavy precipitation, landslides, earthquakes, and floods.  Droughts may become more frequent in some areas due to river runoff decrease as well as from increased demand and consumption due to economic development and population growth. 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.