Country

Romania

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Romania.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Romania's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

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Climate Data Historical

Romania experiences rainfall throughout the year, with peak temperatures and precipitation occurring in the summer months (May to August). Climate variability is linked with its geological sub-state, which includes coastal, plain areas and mountains. Romania has a relatively mild climate, with average temperatures of 2-3ºС in the mountains and 11-12ºС in the plains. Climate variability is linked with its geological sub-state, which includes coastal, plain areas and mountains. Romania has a heavy reliance upon its aquatic facilities: rivers and streams, lakes, groundwaters, and marine waters. Its hydrographical and hydrological variabilities are determined mainly by its geographic position within the temperate continental climate and the presence of the Carpathian Arch.

Temperature

  • Average temperatures for the country have been observed to increase 0.6ºС in the last 100 years, with increasingly warm years observed in the past decade.
  • Romania’s warmest areas are in the plain regions in the south and east of the country.

Precipitation

  • Precipitation in Romania varies by latitude and elevation, however, an overall reduction in precipitation and specifically rainfall has been observed across the country.
  • A reduction of seasonal snowfall as well as early and fast snow melt has been observed in mountain regions in relation with higher temperatures and an overall decrease on precipitation.
  • Changes in historical precipitation patterns have resulted in increased aridity in agricultural areas, low river flow and over-stressed water sources.
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