Romania experiences rainfall throughout the year, with peak temperatures and precipitation occurring in the summer months (May to August). Climate variability is linked with its geological sub-state, which includes coastal, plain areas and mountains. Romania has a heavy reliance upon its aquatic facilities: rivers and streams, lakes, groundwaters, and marine waters. Its hydrographical and hydrological variabilities are determined mainly by its geographic position within the temperate continental climate and the presence of the Carpathian Arch. Projected decrease in precipitation (rainfall and snow pack) is a high-risk for Romania. Key historical climate trends are summarized below:
- Romania has a relatively mild climate, with average temperatures of 2-3ºС in the mountains and 11-12ºС in the plains.
- Average temperatures for the country have been observed to increase 0.6ºС in the last 100 years, with increasingly warm years observed in the past decade.
- Romania’s warmest areas are in the plain regions in the south and east of the country.
- Precipitation in Romania varies by latitude and elevation, however, an overall reduction in precipitation and specifically rainfall has been observed across the country.
- A reduction of seasonal snowfall as well as early and fast snow melt has been observed in mountain regions in relation with higher temperatures and an overall decrease on precipitation.
- Changes in historical precipitation patterns have resulted in increased aridity in agricultural areas, low river flow and over-stressed water sources.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.