Country

Romania

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Romania.

Climate ProjectionsMean Projections

This page presents Romania’s projected climate. Information is shown by climatologies, as either projected mean or anomaly (change). We offer a range of variables at both national and sub-national aggregations. Data is presented spatially, as a seasonal cycle, time series, or heatplot, which shows seasonal change over long-term time horizons. Data can be analyzed as both annual and seasonal; monthly data is available in the Data Download page. You can further tailor your analysis by selecting different projected climatologies and emission scenarios, or Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Projection data on this page is presented as multi-model ensembles, which represent the range and distribution of the most plausible projected outcomes of change in the climate system. It is important to note that RCPs are “what if scenarios” and provide insight into future climates based on defined emissions and mitigation efforts. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded in the Data Download page.  

Climate projection data is modeled data from the global climate model compilations of the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Projects (CMIPs), overseen by the World Climate Research Program. The data currently presented is derived from the fifth phase of the CMIPs, CMIP5. The CMIPs form the data foundation of the IPCC Assessment Reports. CMIP5 is used for the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report and CMIP6 will be used for the IPCC's Sixth Assessment Report. Projection data is presented at a 1.0º x 1.0º (100km x 100km) resolution.

Loading Title...

Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.


Printing...

Loading...

Loading...

Loading...

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below:

Temperature

  • Climate change is expected to produce increases in monthly maximum temperatures, which are projected increase by 1.2°C to 3.9°C by mid-century under a RCP 8.5 scenario.
  • The number of hot days in Romania will increase by 12.9 days by 2040-2059 and by 21-66 days by the end of the century under a RCP 8.5 scenario.
  • The number of tropical nights (minimum temperature above 20°C) are expected to begin earlier and end later, increasing by 4 - 26 days by 2040-2059, under a RCP 8.5 scenario.

Precipitation

  • Precipitation is expected to decrease by 51mm per month by 2040-2059, under a RCP 8.5 scenario.
  • Rainfall variability is expected to increase as well as intensity and frequency of heavy rainfall.
  • Increased heat and precipitation variability will lead to increased evapo-transpiration in summer months resulting in a 10-20% decrease in river flowing conditions.
  • Southern and eastern regions are expected to be hardest hit by increased temperature, prolonged heat waves and an approximately 1% reduction in rainfall. This is expected to cause drastic changes in ecosystem and socio-economic conditions for the regions.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

Loading Title...

Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.


Printing...

Loading...

Loading...

Loading...