Historical Hazards

Mongolia’s global rank on the INFORM 2019 risk index (101 out of 191 countries) indicates moderate levels of exposure to hazards and vulnerability. Storms, dust storms, windstorms, thunderstorms, and snowstorms occur frequently in Mongolia. In the beginning of the 21st century, storms affected over 1 million people in Mongolia with dire implications on public health, the economy, livelihoods, and the economic prosperity of the population. Droughts are a recurring natural hazard that affects Mongolia and results in negative consequences on their economy, agriculture, and livestock sectors as well as poverty alleviation efforts. Dzuds (extremely harsh winters) frequently affect Mongolia and negatively impact their agriculture and livestock sectors, hamper poverty reduction efforts, shock the economy, and contribute to urban migration.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.