Historical Hazards

Climate-related hazards in Mali include droughts, floods, and crop pests. These hazards are a natural occurrence in Mali, which nevertheless pose serious constraints on development and food security, and their intensity and frequency are likely to increase under a changing climate. Climatic changes are already a significant threat to the country’s development and the nutrition and health of its inhabitants, due to erratic rainfall, increased crop pests, rainfall shortages, and breaks during critical growing periods, as well as desertification over the last 50 years. The most highly stressed regions of the country are in the south where agriculture is concentrated, including Sikasso, Mopti, and Segou. Not only are these regions critical to the country’s continued food security, they are also “endowed with many ecosystem services which are deteriorating, have high population densities and high levels of poverty”. 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.


Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.