Georgia is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters. Frequent natural disasters include landslides, floods, flash-flooding, mudflows, droughts, avalanches, heavy winds and storms. These risks are in part due to the country’s complex mountainous relief, but are expected to be exacerbated and heightened through expected climate changes (ThinkHazard). The projected impacts from climate change make Georgia increasingly vulnerable to: heavy precipitation, landslides, earthquakes, and floods. Climate change is also expected to increase risks and severity of natural disasters in Georgia. In recent years, the number of natural disasters has increased nearly three times and, in many cases, have been considered as catastrophic, causing fatalities and leading to significant economic losses (National Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy of Georgia 2017).
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.