Georgia encompasses a variety of climate zones, from humid subtropical to permafrost. The country’s western climate is modulated by the Black Sea and characterized by mild winters, hot summers and heavy precipitation. The Alpine mountain regions are generally colder: average temperatures are between 2°–10°C and annual precipitation ranges between 1200–2000 mm. The climate in the east includes a dry subtropical climate in the lowlands, where 400–600 mm of rainfall per year and annual temperatures range from 11-13°C.
- Coastal regions along the Black Sea are typically the warmest area, with the Alpine regions generally cooler and snow covered in winter.
- Observed temperature trends have been increasing mostly in eastern and lowland areas of the country.
- Since the 1960s, Georgia has experienced increased temperatures of 0.3°C in western areas and 0.4-0.5°C in eastern areas.
- Heavy precipitation is experienced in the spring to summer months, with the greatest amount of rainfall in May and June.
- Rainfall is steadily throughout the year, with peak rainfall occurring from April to July.
- The country’s western zone receives greater amounts of steady precipitation year round.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.