This page presents Georgia's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
In the western part of Georgia the climate is subtropical, while in the eastern part experiences a dry moderate continental climate. Annual precipitation in Georgia ranges from 400 to 4,500 mm. Due to its location at a relatively low latitude and moderate cloudiness, Georgia receives significant heat from the sun. The average annual duration of bright sunshine ranges from 1,350 to 2,520 hours.
- In 1986-2015, compared to 1956-1985, the mean annual temperature in the country increased almost everywhere, depending on the regions– in the range of 0.25–0.58°C. The most significant warming was observed in Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Kakheti and Samtskhe-Javakheti, where the temperature increased by 0.4-0.7°C.
- Temperature analysis by months shows that the warming was mainly caused by the increase in temperature during June-October. The maximum warming was observed in August and ranged within 1.15°C – 1.57°C by regions.
- The upward trend was persistent and consistent with the patterns observed across much of the country during the same months (June-October), as well as with average annual values.
- During the same period, the annual precipitation in western Georgia has mainly increased, while it decreased in some eastern regions.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.