Historical Hazards

Fiji is one of the most world’s most vulnerable nations to climate change and climate-related disasters. Climate change will likely cause major adverse environmental, social, cultural, and economic repercussions and, in some cases, already is having detrimental consequences (Second National Communication, 2014). Fiji has extremely high exposure to tropical cyclones. Cyclones usually occur during the November-April wet season and are less common during El Niño periods. Cyclones frequently result in loss of life and cause significant economic damage which has hindered economic growth. Fiji is also particularly exposed to rising sea-levels, floods, and landslides. Work by The Government of Fiji suggests that the scale of flood risk in Fiji is generally underreported due to the number of smaller scale events that go unreported. The accounting of floods conducted by the Government of Fiji suggests significant losses are caused by both fluvial (2.6% of GDP per year) and pluvial (1.6% of GDP per year). 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.