Country

Fiji

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Fiji.

Climate Data Historical

Temperatures in Fiji remain relatively constant throughout the year, averaging around 23-25°C in the dry season (May-Oct) and 26-27°C in the wet season (Nov-Apr). Greater seasonal variation is seen in the precipitation regime, with an average of around 250-400mm of rainfall per month in the wet season and 80-150 mm per month in the dry. Periods of drought are known to occur during El Niño periods. Annual precipitation shows some spatial variation, Fiji’s most populous island, Viti Levu, sees much stronger precipitation on its east side compared to its west. Tropical cyclones are a major feature of climate in the Fijian region and are another variable influenced both in terms of intensity and location by El Niño Southern Oscillation (Chand and Walsh, 2011).

Temperature

  • Temperatures in the vicinity of Fiji’s capital, Suva, rose around 0.1°C per decade over the last half century (Second National Communication, 2014).
  • Warming has been strongest in daily maximum temperatures around 0.2°C per decade over the last half century.
  • Daily minimum temperatures have increased around 0.1°C per decade over the last half century. 
  • Temperature rises have been strongest in the warm/wet season.

Precipitation

  • There has been a very slight increase in annual precipitation (Second National Communication, 2014).
  • A decreasing trend in both the number of tropical cyclones and cyclones with hurricane intensity affecting Fiji has been observed in the last four decades (Second National Communication, 2014).

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.

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