Country

Fiji

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Fiji.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Fiji's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

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Climate Data Historical

Temperatures in Fiji remain relatively constant throughout the year, averaging around 23°C -25°C in the dry season (May-October) and 26°C -27°C in the wet season (November-April). Greater seasonal variation is seen in the precipitation regime, with an average of around 250-400 mm of rainfall per month in the wet season and 80-150 mm per month in the dry. Periods of drought are known to occur during El Niño periods. Annual precipitation shows some spatial variation, Fiji’s most populous island, Viti Levu, sees much stronger precipitation on its east side (3,000-5,000 mm) compared to its west (2,000-2,000 mm). Tropical cyclones are a major feature of climate in the Fijian region and are another variable influenced both in terms of intensity and location by El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Temperature

  • Temperatures in the vicinity of Fiji’s capital, Suva, rose approximately 0.8°C over the 20th century (change between 1900-1917 and 2000-2017).
  • Warming has been strongest in daily maximum temperatures (around 0.2°C per decade) and similar in daily minimum temperatures (around 0.1°C per decade).
  • Temperature rises have been strongest in the warm/wet season.

Precipitation

  • There is substantial year-to-year variation in precipitation in Fiji. From the available data a very slight increasing trend in annual precipitation is suggested. No significant historical change in precipitation.
  • Similarly, uncertainty surrounds projections of change in cyclone activity, as year-to-year variation is great; a slight decreasing trend in the frequency of cyclones at hurricane intensity affecting Fiji between 1970-2010 is reported.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.

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