Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Zimbabwe.

Climate Data Historical

Zimbabwe experiences its rainy season along with relatively high temperatures from October to March; and it encounters dry season with low temperatures from June to August. After the dry and cold season, the average temperature peaks around October or November. The mean monthly temperature of the country ranges between 15°C and 25°C during the period of 1901 - 2016. During the same time period, the mean monthly precipitation of the country varies from 0 mm to 160 mm, which resulted in an annual average rainfall of roughly 670 mm. Zimbabwe tends to receive less than average rainfall during the warm phase of ENSO (or El Niño) during rainy season from October to March; and it often experiences more than average rainfall during the cool phase of ENSO (or La Nina) also during rainy season. In addition, the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) also plays a vital role in affecting the rainfall seasonality. The country receives more rainfall when ITCZ moves south, and vice versa.


  • Mean annual temperature has increased by roughly 0.01°C/year from 1901 to 2016.
  • Northern and southern parts of the country experience warm temperature compared to central area.
  • The ground frost takes place during dry and cool season (June – August), which peaks around late June and mid/late July.


  • Mean annual precipitation exhibits substantial temporal variability from year to year.
  • Overall, precipitation has decreased by approximately 0.6 mm/year from 1901 to 2016.
  • Eastern parts of the country tend to experience the highest amount of precipitation (above 1000 mm) and southern parts of the nation generally receive the least amount of precipitation (below 400mm).

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.