Historical Hazards

Historically, Zambia is frequently inundated with seasonal floods and flash floods, extreme temperatures and droughts, with increased severity and frequency in recent decades. Inadequate infrastructure paired with the fact that a large proportion of the population is rural and poor, makes Zambia highly vulnerable to natural hazards, especially floods.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.