The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below:
- Mean annual temperature is projected to increase by 2°С by 2040.
- The rate of temperature change will intensify after 2040. Calculations show the rise of temperature from 2-3°C to 6-7°C by 2100.
- Mean annual precipitation is expected to decrease by 8-17% from 2040-2100.
This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.