Historical Hazards

In Niger, climate vulnerability is compounded by the Sahel region’s high dependence on rain-fed agriculture and its natural resources to support food security and livelihoods, rapid population growth, and chronic humanitarian crises due to recurrent drought, flooding, food insecurity, epidemics, and violent conflict. The region is still recovering from the food crisis brought about by the severe droughts experienced in 2005, 2008, 2010 and 2012. Data from 2015 suggest that over 20 million food insecure people and nearly 6 million malnourished children live in the Sahel. With substantial population growth (average 3 percent per year) and recurring challenges linked to environmental degradation, pervasive poverty and political instability, climate change in the Sahel will compound existing vulnerabilities. Water scarcity, longer dry seasons and impacts of higher temperatures may trigger new conflict and forced migration, issues that already impact the region. (USAID Climate Risk Profile, 2017).

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.