Malaysia’s geographic location and low poverty rates mean both its risk and vulnerability to natural hazards are lower than some of its Southeast Asian neighbours. Nonetheless, Malaysia suffers high average annual losses. In 2014 UNISDR estimated these at around $1.3 billion. While Malaysia can experience drought, landslides, earthquakes and storm surges, the large majority of its losses are attributable to flooding. Malaysia’s climate also makes the country particularly vulnerable to vector-borne diseases. Recognising these threats Malaysia’s NDC (2016) reports that the government have made a sustained investment in the health sector, with a particular focus on adapting to climate change.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.