Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Lesotho.

Climate Data Historical

Lesotho has a continental temperate climate characterized by four distinct seasons. The average temperature ranges between -10°C in winter and
30°C in summer. The country receives most of its rainfall between the months of October to April, with an average of 700 mm per annum. Precipitation patterns are determined by regional and local climate controls. The lowest average annual precipitation occurs in the Senqu River Valley (450 mm) and the highest in the north-eastern mountain zone (1.300 mm).


  • An increase in hot days and nights and the hottest days and a decrease in cold days and nights have been observed over southern Africa in recent decades.
  • Mean annual temperature in Lesotho has increased by 0.76° C between 1970-2001.


  • High variability in inter-seasonal (between seasons) and intra-seasonal (within a season) precipitation.
  • Droughts are becoming more frequent in recent years.
  • And recurrent droughts have resulted in a steep reduction in the production of cereals and other staple crops.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.