Issues of poverty and vulnerability in Kiribati are complex due to its unique national circumstances involving very low rates of long-term employment, high dependence on international aid, and lack of data. In 2010 the Government estimated that around 66% of the population are either in poverty or vulnerable to falling into poverty. This context, combined with the nation’s low food and water security, amplifies its vulnerability to natural hazards, notably the climate variability and extremes driven by El Niño Southern Oscillation.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.