Country

Jordan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jordan.

Vulnerability

Climate-related hazards in Jordan include droughts, extreme temperature, storms, landslides and flash floods. Other natural hazards include periodic earthquakes and epidemics. While these hazards are a natural occurrence in Jordan, they nevertheless pose serious constraints on development, and their intensity and frequency are likely to increase under a changing climate.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.

 
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Key Vulnerabilities

  • Incidents of flooding are common in Jordan and can be very damaging as many are flash floods. Flooding often follows heavy rainfall events during the winter. Floods in Jordan claim lives, and destroy agricultural land and infrastructure.
  • Rainfall in Jordan varies greatly from one year to another. The dominance of arid conditions and irregular rainfall distribution are the main limiting factors affecting agricultural production. The UN reports that the frequency of drought over 10 years is 2.43 and that the trend for drought is increasing.
  • In winter, heavy rains can cause serious flooding and landslides. Landslides and erosion problems are concentrated on the steep slopes of mountains and wadis in Amman, especially on Mounts Amman, Akhdar, Ashrafiyah, Nuzha, Weibdeh and Hussein and the Amman-Irbid main road.
  • Increased productivity and economic development in rural areas with lack of preventing planning and zoning often leads to a higher concentration of people and valuable estates (infrastructures and production sites) in areas at risk along rivers, valleys and in flood plains.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.

  • Rising temperatures could affect agricultural production.
  • Increasing competing demands for water including for drinking water and agricultural production.
  • Increased heavy rainfall could increase threat of flooding.
  • Increased variability in rainfall patterns might increase consecutive drought occurrences.