Country

Jordan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Jordan.

Climate Data Historical

Jordan's climate ranges between a more Mediterranean climate to a desert climate, but the land is generally very arid. Winter temperatures in the southern and northern highlands range between 9-13°C, while the deserts regions range from 19-22°C. In the Jordanian Valley, summer temperatures range between 38-39°C, while in the desert regions, they vary between 26-29°C. About 75% of precipitation falls during the winter. Jordan's climate is influenced by the Dry Sirocco (Khamsin) winds, which can lead to large temperature anomalies, with increases of up to 15°C. The Shammal Winds are also an influencing factor, blowing from the north and northeast and causing high daytime temperatures.

Temperature

  • The annual maximum temperature has increased by 0.3-1.8°С since the 1960's.
  • The annual minimum temperature has increased by 0.4-2.8°С since the 1960's.
  • The mean annual temperature has increased by 0.89°С since 1900.

Precipitation

  • Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN) data for the country indicates a 2.92 mm/month per century reduction in average annual precipitation since 1900.
  • The majority of local station records indicate that precipitation dropped from 94 mm to 80 mm during the last 10 years for the period 1937/38 to 2004/2005.
  • Annual precipitation rates show decreases at most meteorological stations. 

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.

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Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.