According to the USAID Climate Risk Profile, key future climate trends include:
- Annual mean temperature is projected to increase by 1°–2.5°C by 2050 and 3°–4.3°C by 2100.
- Largest increases in temperature are expected to occur from June–August and in the southwest regions.
- Annual rainfall is expected to decrease by 9–14 percent by 2050 and 20–31 percent by 2100.
- Largest reductions in rainfall are expected to occur from June–August and in the southwest regions.
- More prolonged, intense canícula and drought is projected.
- By 2050, heavy rainfall volume is projected to increase by 13%, increasing flood flows by 60 percent.
- Extreme weather events frequency is projected to increase, especially in northeast.
This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.