Country

Honduras

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Honduras.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Honduras's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

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Climate Data Historical

The climate in Honduras is hot and tropical in the coastal lowlands with annual temperatures averaging 26°– 29°C; it becomes more temperate in the highlands where annual temperatures average 16°– 24°C. Average annual precipitation is lowest in the central mountainous interior (800 –2000 mm) and highest in the Caribbean coast (+2,000 mm) where rainfall is year-round. 

The Pacific coast and interior highlands have a dry season (summer) from November – April and a wet season (winter) from May – October that experiences a short break (1–4 weeks) in July/August (the canícula). For the most part, El Niño events decrease rainfall and increase temperatures, while La Niña events decrease temperatures and increase rainfall. 

Temperature

  • Average annual temperature has increased by 0.6°C per decade since 1960, with greatest warming in the dry season.
  • The number of warm days and nights have increased.

Precipitation

  • Heavy rainfall events have increased by 1.2% per decade since 1960.
  • Although trends in annual rainfall are inconsistent, rainfall patterns reduced in northwest and southeast since 1960.
  • Since 1960, El Niño/La Niña cycles have increased in frequency and intensity

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.

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