This page presents Honduras's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.
The climate in Honduras is hot and tropical in the coastal lowlands with annual temperatures averaging 26°– 29°C; it becomes more temperate in the highlands where annual temperatures average 16°– 24°C. Average annual precipitation is lowest in the central mountainous interior (800 –2000 mm) and highest in the Caribbean coast (+2,000 mm) where rainfall is year-round.
The Pacific coast and interior highlands have a dry season (summer) from November – April and a wet season (winter) from May – October that experiences a short break (1–4 weeks) in July/August (the canícula). For the most part, El Niño events decrease rainfall and increase temperatures, while La Niña events decrease temperatures and increase rainfall.