Historical Hazards

Gabon is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters, which primarily affect the agricultural, water, energy, and oil and mining sectors through seasonal flooding, changing precipitation, extreme winds and landslides.  Temperatures are already observed to be increasing, and there appear to be more extreme weather events occurring in Gabon’s near to medium term future. This is expected to have impacts on agriculture, water and wider population health. Vulnerable groups, such as those with fewer economic opportunities and the elderly are particularly at risk to natural hazards and increasing impacts of climate change. Flooding, including coastal, urban and riverine, is a particular high-hazard for Gabon and life-threatening river floods are expected to occur at least once in the next 10 years. Gabon is also at risk of sea-level rise which could lead to coastal area flooding and may impact coastal cities as well as oil extraction operations.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.