Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Egypt.


Egypt’s Nile Delta and its coastal front on the Mediterranean are considered vulnerable to shoreline changes due to erosion and accretion, subsidence and sea level rise due to climate change. Heavy rains often result in flash floods in Egypt. Rain-induced floods wash away property, claim lives and displace people. Dust storms are also common in Egypt, frequently spanning hundreds of kilometers.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.


Key Vulnerabilities

  • Heavy rains often result in flash floods in Egypt. Rain-induced floods wash away property, claim lives and displace people.
  • An increase in the maximum amount of rainfall in any 5-day period (a surrogate for an extreme storm event) is projected to increase and the maximum period between rainy days is expected to decrease, which will inevitably result in greater flooding and storm damage.
  • While sandstorm occurrences have decreased since the 1960’s, climate change is likely to increase the frequency of sand and dust storms. The Khamsin weather that causes dust storms is associated with a desert depression following extreme temperature rises, and causes loss of top soil and often results in respiratory complications.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.

  • Saline sea water will penetrate far into the northern delta, turning the current lakes into shallow saline lagoons and bays.
  • Inundation along coastal areas due to sea level rise leading to destruction of property and disruption of the proper functioning of infrastructure facilities directly exposed to the sea.
  • Substantial reduction in agricultural productivity.