Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Egypt.

Climate Data Historical

During the winter season (December-February), Egypt’s temperatures are mild with some rain, primarily over the coastal areas. During the summer season (June-August), the climate is hot and dry all across the country. Egypt experiences the effect of the Khamsin Wind, which brings sand and dust storms during spring, increased temperatures, and a drop in humidity.


  • Records at the Helwan station for seasonal average temperatures and inter-annual and decadal variability show a warming of about 0.03°C per century since the 1900's.


  • Although there is high annual variability in rainfall records, the linear trend for seasonal average and decadal variability indicates a reduction of 2.76 mm/month since 1960.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.