Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Egypt.

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Climate projections can be presented via individual models or through multi-model ensembles. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) supports the analysis of climate impacts using multi-model ensembles, as they represent the range and distribution of the most plausible projected outcomes when representing expected changes.


  • Mean annual temperature is expected to increased by 2 to 3°С by 2050, with warming increasing more rapidly in the interior regions. 


  • Projections of future rainfall indicate a 7% reduction in rainfall near the coast by 2050, while a 9% reduction is projected for the central parts of the country with the greatest reductions projected during June, July and August at 22%, followed by September, October and November by 11%.
  • However, model projections diverge for the central regions. The highest reductions are projected for June, July and August by 27% and September, October and November by 11%.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

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Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.