Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Ecuador.

Climate Data Historical

Ecuador has two major seasons that are differentiated by the distribution of rainfall (a rainy and a dry season). The coast has a tropical climate and a rainy season that extends from the end of December to May; the temperature scheme is characterized by a 2 to 3°C variation between the hottest and coldest months. The inter-Andean valleys have a temperate climate and rainy season from October to May and a dry season from June to September. Average monthly temperatures are about 14.5°C in the rainy season and 15°C in the dry season. The Amazon Region in the eastern part of the country experiences rainfall throughout the year and the average temperature is around 21°C during most months of the year. The Island region, comprising the Galapagos Islands, has a climate similar to that of the coastal region. Average temperature is about 25-26°C during the rainy season (December to May) and 21-22°C during the dry season (June to November), mainly owing to the influence of the cold Humboldt current.


  • A trend toward rising temperatures has been identified, based on data from 14 stations located in different geographical regions of Ecuador.
  • The rural highland zone has reported consistent results pointing to increasing temperature.
  • Increasing trend of rising temperature in water basins has been observed.
  • The urban coastal zone shows a growing trend in mean and extreme temperatures (between 0.5°C and 1°C in the case of mean temperature).


  • Positive trends in extreme rainfall have been observed on the western coast of Peru and Ecuador for the period 1961-1990.
  • The urban coastal zone shows a declining rainfall trend.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.