Ecuador has two major seasons that are differentiated by the distribution of rainfall (a rainy and a dry season). The coast has a tropical climate and a rainy season that extends from the end of December to May; the temperature scheme is characterized by a 2 to 3°C variation between the hottest and coldest months. The inter-Andean valleys have a temperate climate and rainy season from October to May and a dry season from June to September. Average monthly temperatures are about 14.5°C in the rainy season and 15°C in the dry season. The Amazon Region in the eastern part of the country experiences rainfall throughout the year and the average temperature is around 21°C during most months of the year. The Island region, comprising the Galapagos Islands, has a climate similar to that of the coastal region. Average temperature is about 25-26°C during the rainy season (December to May) and 21-22°C during the dry season (June to November), mainly owing to the influence of the cold Humboldt current.
- A trend toward rising temperatures has been identified, based on data from 14 stations located in different geographical regions of Ecuador.
- The rural highland zone has reported consistent results pointing to increasing temperature.
- Increasing trend of rising temperature in water basins has been observed.
- The urban coastal zone shows a growing trend in mean and extreme temperatures (between 0.5°C and 1°C in the case of mean temperature).
- Positive trends in extreme rainfall have been observed on the western coast of Peru and Ecuador for the period 1961-1990.
- The urban coastal zone shows a declining rainfall trend.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.