Djibouti’s climate varies across the country. The inland is hot, with average temperatures above 30°C during the summer months of May-September. Nights are generally warm, with average temperatures around 17°C. At the peak of the hot season, temperatures have been known to top 45°C. The cooler season runs from October-March/April with average temperatures of 25°C. Climate on the coast varies from the north to the south. The average temperatures are around 24-25°C and the wettest months are April, July, and August, with a monthly average of 30 mm. January, June and December are the driest months, with average rainfall of 10 mm or less. The humidity is very high with peaks of 90%. Rainfall is largely regulated by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and the climate is also susceptible to the impacts of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The country also experiences occasional catastrophic floods.
- All average temperatures in the past decades (since 1960) have been higher than normal, and the period between 1991 and 2000 was one of the warmest decades on record.
- An increase of between 0.5°C and 1.5°C has been observed in the absolute maximum monthly temperatures in the past three decades. The average increase in minimum temperature is 1.5°C and the increase is most significant in June and July.
- Significant decrease in rainfall has been registered for the months of April-July (since 1960).
- Significant increase in rainfall has been registered for the months of January and October (since 1960).
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.