The distribution of large landforms accurately reflects that of the country's climatic diversity, resulting in an uneven distribution of rainfall in the area, despite the modest territorial dimensions of the country. Geographical areas also influence thermal variations. The higher regions experience on average colder temperatures than the lowlands. Monthly average maximum temperatures are highest at the end of the dry season (September), which varies from 25°C (Imbo region) to 15.7°C (Mugamba region). Monthly minimum temperatures are lowest during the dry season (July) and range from 23.3°C (IMBO region) to 13.9°C (Mugamba region).
- Mean temperature has increased by 0.7-0.9°C since the 1930's. Since the 1980's, mean annual temperature in the southern and equatorial regions of East Africa has experienced a significant increase.
- A cyclical character of rainfall has been observed.
- Since 1999, the central plateaus region has seen an increase in seasonal variability with a tendency towards a longer dry season from, 5-6 months instead of the normal 4 (June-September).
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.