Historical Hazards

Ecosystems and ecosystem services are essential for Brazil, though under serious threat from climate variability and change. Prolonged drought and flooding in regions of the Amazon, combined with other drivers such as deforestation, will alter existing ecosystems. Higher temperatures generally create more favorable conditions for vector-borne and other infectious diseases. Likewise, increased flooding is often associated with increased prevalence of waterborne diseases, such as cholera.  Sea level rise and storm surge will have substantial impacts on lowland areas of the Amazon delta. (USAID Climate Risk Profile, 2018)

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.