This page presents Belarus's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list.
Average annual temperatures in Belarus increase from the higher latitudes in the northeast (4.5°C) to the lower latitudes in the southwest (7.0°C). Average temperatures in January (the coldest month) increase in the same direction from -8.0°C (in the northeast) to -4.5°C (in the southwest), while average temperatures in July (the warmest month) increase from 17.0°C (in the northwest) to 18.5°C (in the southeast). National annual precipitation averages 600-700 mm; with ranges from 300 mm in dry years to 1,000 mm in humid years. Approximately 60% of annual precipitation occurs in the warm season.