Albania has a subtropical Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by mild winters (October-April) with abundant precipitation and hot, dry summers (May-September). The temperature varies across the country from an average of 7°C in the mountains zone to 18°C in the coastal zones. Along the coast and the lowlands, the temperatures are above 20°C during the summers and under 15°C during the winters. In the mountains, the temperatures are almost always less than 20°C with temperatures sometimes below zero during the winters. In very hot years, the temperature can surpass 35°C in July and August in the lowlands (in particular in the south of the country). The month with the greatest precipitation is November, while July/August see the least. The number of rainy days (> 1 mm) varies between 80 and 120 days per year. There is a significant north-south divide for mean annual precipitation with a clear lower rainfall band running east-west across the central and southern areas of the country, except the coastal south-west. The south east part of the country receives the smallest amount of rain (600-1000 mm).
- Since the mid 1980’s, average temperatures have increased across the vast majority of the country.
- The number of days with temperatures above 35°C shows an increasing trend. Since the early 1980’s it appears that such events are occurring every year rather than every second or third year.
- The number of days with temperatures less than -5°C has shown a decreasing trend since 1980.
- No distinct trend is observed for the maximum amount of daily rainfall.
- The mean annual precipitation over Albania is about 1,485 mm/year with the highest percentage (70%) falling during the winter months.
- The highest precipitation is recorded in the Albanian Alps (up to 3000 mm).
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.