Country

Sudan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sudan.

Vulnerability

Overall risks from climate-related impacts are evaluated based on the interaction of climate-related hazards (including hazardous events and trends) with the vulnerability of communities (susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to adapt), and exposure of human and natural systems. Changes in both the climate system and socioeconomic processes -including adaptation and mitigation actions- are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014).

Sudan is exposed to several geophysical and climate-related hazards, some of which are increasing in frequency and magnitude. Several vulnerability indices rank Sudan among the most vulnerable countries in the world to climate variability and change. 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.

 
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Key Vulnerabilities

  • Volcano hazard is classified as ‘high’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that Sudan is located at less than 50 kilometers from a volcano for which a potentially damaging eruption has been recorded in the past 2,000 years and that future damaging eruptions are possible. The hazard level is highest is in the northern regions and moderate in western and southwestern regions.
  • Earthquake hazard is classified as ‘medium’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that there is a 2% chance of potentially-damaging earthquake shaking in Sudan in the next 50 years. The hazard level is highest in the coastal eastern region.
  • River flooding hazard is classified as ‘high’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that potentially damaging and life-threatening river floods are expected to occur at least once in Sudan in the next 10 years. The hazard level is high across all regions of the country. Floods have been the most frequently recorded hazards in Sudan between 1990-2014, comprising 73% of disasters, and are expected to increase in frequency.
  • Water scarcity hazard is classified as ‘high’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that droughts are expected to occur on average every 5 years. In northern Sudan, model projections are inconsistent in changes in drought, while in southern Sudan there is medium confidence of increases in drought tendency. The hazard level is high across almost all regions of Sudan. In fact, droughts have been the second most frequently recorded hazards in Sudan between 1990-2014, comprising 15% of disasters, and are expected to increase in frequency.
  • Coastal flooding hazard is classified as ‘high’ by ThinkHazard, meaning that potentially-damaging waves are expected to flood the coast at least once in the next 10 years. The hazard level is limited to eastern coastal regions.
  • Other climate-related phenomena, such as dust storms, thunder storms, heat waves and wind storms also pose threats in Sudan. Dust storms can contribute to air and land traffic accidents and health problems. Thunderstorms can lead to loss of lives and property. Heat waves can lead to loss of lives, livestock and crops. Wind storms can lead to loss of lives, property and damage to infrastructure.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.