Country

Spain

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Spain.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Spain's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

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Climate Data Historical

Given Spain’s orography and geographical location, the Iberian Peninsula experiences temperatures that exceed 45°C and minimums that reach values lower than -20°C. Average annual temperatures range between lower than 2.5°C, and higher than 18°C.

Temperature

  • Average annual temperatures have increased in all regions of Spain, by approximately 1.5°C in the last 50 years in the Iberian Peninsula (1965 – 2015).

Precipitation

  • A decrease in inter-annual rainfall has been assessed in the Mediterranean coastal areas, with a sharp decline in the amount of rainfall in-land in the South East of the peninsula observed during February and March.
  • Increased average sea levels have been noted along the Spanish coasts of between 0.8 mm and 2.4 mm/year since the middle of the 1940s, which is when the Spanish Oceanographical Institute set up their first tidal station in Spain.
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